What is Algo Trading: Algorithm trading is a system of trading which facilitates transaction decision making in the financial markets using advanced mathematical tools.
How it works: Algo trading employs software or facility by the use of which, upon the fulfillment of certain specified parameters, without the necessity of manual entry of orders, buy/sell orders are automatically generated and pushed into the trading system of the Exchange for the purpose of matching. SEBI has allowed Exchanges to extend Algorithmic trading facility to members involving usage of various Decision Support Tools / algorithms / strategies
Though not a very alien concept in developed securities market, traders in Wall Street have been using Algo Trading for trades.
Benefits: In this type of trading, the need for a human trader’s intervention is minimized and thus the decision making is very quick. This enables the system to take advantage of any profit making opportunities arising in the market much before a human trader can even spot them.
As the large institutional investors deal in a large amount of shares, they are the ones who make a large use of algorithmic trading. It is also popular by the terms of algo trading, black box trading, etc. and is highly technology-driven. It has become increasingly popular over the last few years.